Color refers to the presence of any noticeable hue within a diamond. The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) grades diamond color on a scale from D (colorless) to Z (light yellow or brown). The closer a diamond is to being colorless, the more valuable it is considered, as the absence of color allows for maximum light reflection and refraction.
Clarity assesses the presence and visibility of internal and external characteristics, commonly known as inclusions and blemishes. The higher the clarity grade, the fewer and less visible the inclusions and blemishes, resulting in a more valuable and visually appealing diamond.
Carat refers to the weight of a diamond. A “carat” is a unit of measurement where one carat is equal to 200 milligrams. As the carat weight increases, so does the size and overall value of the diamond, with larger diamonds being more rare.
Cut refers to the way a diamond's facets and angles are crafted, influencing its brilliance, sparkle, and overall beauty. The cut is a crucial factor in determining a diamond's visual appeal and value. A well-cut diamond reflects and refracts light in a way that maximizes its brilliance and fire, while a poorly cut diamond may appear dull or lackluster.
Please note: Only Round diamonds are assigned a “Cut” grade by GIA